South Africa is located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa. The name "South Africa" is derived from the country's geographic location being at the southern tip of Africa.
South Africa has a generally temperate climate, due in part to being surrounded by the Atlantic and Indian Oceans on three sides.
South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world and is considered to be a newly industrialized country.
Its economy is the second-largest in Africa, and the 34th-largest in the world.
South Africa is a nation of about 52 million people of diverse origins, cultures, languages and religions with 2.5% Indians.
As the Union of South Africa, the country was a founding member of the United Nations.
Several important scientific and technological developments have originated in South Africa.
The South African media sector is large, and South Africa is one of Africa's major media centres.
Johannesburg is the largest city in South Africa. It is the provincial capital of Gauteng, which is the wealthiest province in South Africa.
The city is often described as Africa's economic powerhouse, and is a modern and prosperous African city.
Johannesburg is one of the world's leading financial centres and the economic and financial hub of South Africa, producing 16% of South Africa's gross domestic product.